The Syrian Civil War – Introduction

Instigated by the reemergence of the Syrian Civil War in popular media the focus of this blog for several weeks will be analyzing the conflict to better inform the situation in Syria through multiple overviews:

  1. A briefing of Syrian history
  2. Demographics of Syria
  3. Geography of Syria and the Levant
  4. A view at some of the active participants in the Syrian Civil War
  5. A history of the Syrian Civil War

Before continuing it must be stated that the nature of the Syrian Civil War is one of outright chaos. Human tragedy is frequent. There are no two sides to the conflict itself. The sum of independent belligerents in the conflict is so numerous that it’d be futile for the motives and histories of all combatant groups to be explained in detail. There are several dominant forces in Syria: the remnants off the Syrian Islamic Republican Army, insurgencies supported by foreign powers, and that of varying Islamist forces. The remaining local population not associated with (and the term must be used lightly except in the case of the  Syrian Arab Republican whom it does not apply) confederations above have risen together to form independent brigades in their own localities. These battalions of men are numerous and collectively possess a considerable amount of manpower. These battalions mentioned will not be analyzed much further in this blog, yet do not disregard them. The Civil War is raging still. The tumultuous state of the region is bound to give rise to forces of change in the near future and all things must be considered.

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Executive Order Issued January 27, 2016

President Trump’s executive order regarding immigration hiatus:

September 11, 2001 transformed US Foreign Policy. From that point religious extremists posed a direct threat to the United States. The United States has continued to respond to threats from extremists since then. With each passing presidency new approaches have enacted. The topic in review for this post is the recent executive order passed into law by President Trump regarding hiatus in entry of foreign civilians with visas from select countries. The executive order has attracted controversy from many sides. Splitting in opinions over the issue is Administration, NGO’s (Non Governmental Organizations), Media, and Think-Tanks. What is the purpose of this executive order? What exactly is the effect of this executive order? Who does the order apply towards with restriction of VISA entry?

Purpose:

The executive order issued January 27, 2016 by President Trump is to limit the travel of individuals whom pose a threat to the United States [1]. This executive order is attempting to insulate American domestic security. Countries such: Libya, Yemen, and Syria have recently destabilized.

Effect of the executive order:

A 90 day ban has been issued for almost all citizens traveling from: Iraq, Syria, Sudan, Iran, Somalia, Libya, and Yemen [2].

Who does the executive order effect?

If a traveler is not a lawful permanent resident and is from one of the countries listed above they must be given a suitable bond from their carrier into the US [3]. Lawful permanent residents of the United States are not barred from entering the US from any of these countries as long as they possess a permanent resident card [4]. A traveler is exempt from the travel ban if they have not visited any country listed above since March 1, 2011 [4]. A traveler may receive a waiver should they be approved [6].

A Closing Analysis:

The executive order passed by Trump is targeting nations whose instability produces large numbers of refugees. There is a great possibility of national duress due to the pressures of refugee flow. The executive order has lowered the amount of refugees who will be allowed into the United States as a result.Religious affiliation is not a factor towards the consideration of the administration in issuing this executive order. However, refugees stating religious persecution will be granted priority to emigrate to the United States at the end of the travel ban [7]. Iran is unique in the list of nations above. This is due to its inclusion as a nation supporting terrorism and is being subject to travel bans [8].

 

 

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[1]. Trump’s Executive Order On Immigration, Annotated. (n.d.). Retrieved February 01, 2017, from http://www.npr.org/2017/01/31/512439121/trumps-executive-order-on-immigration-annotated

[2]. Congressional law: 217(a)(12) of the INA, 8 U.S.C. 1187(a)(12)

8 U.S. Code § 1187 – Visa waiver program for certain visitors. (n.d.). Retrieved February 1, 2017, from https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/8/1187.

[3] Section (5)

Ibid.

[4] Permanent Resident Card: I-551

Protecting The Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry To The United States. (2017, January 27). Retrieved February 01, 2017, from https://www.dhs.gov/news/2017/01/29/protecting-nation-foreign-terrorist-entry-united-states

[5] Section 12 Subsections (a)

8 U.S. Code § 1187 – Visa waiver program for certain visitors. (n.d.). Retrieved February 1, 2017, from https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/8/1187.

[6] Section 12 Subsections (c)

Ibid.

[7]  Trump’s Executive Order On Immigration, Annotated. (n.d.). Retrieved February 01, 2017, from http://www.npr.org/2017/01/31/512439121/trumps-executive-order-on-immigration-annotated

[8] Section 12 Subsections (a)(ii)

Protecting The Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry To The United States. (2017, January 27). Retrieved February 01, 2017, from https://www.dhs.gov/news/2017/01/29/protecting-nation-foreign-terrorist-entry-united-states